Farmer Angus is a South African (predominantly) beef farmer with a very sustainable style known as “regenerative agriculture”.
It is an approach to farming and land management that focuses on restoring and improving the health of the soil, biodiversity, and ecosystem functions, aiming to create a sustainable and resilient agricultural system that not only produces food but also enhances the natural resources it relies on.
Regenerative agriculture is similar to permaculture, although the latter is more philosophical in its approach and includes a broader spectrum of nature.
Permaculture stands for “permanent agriculture” or “permanent culture” and is a design system that aims to create sustainable and self-sufficient human settlements while harmonising with nature.
Regenerative farmers (like Farmer Angus) prioritise the health of the soil as the foundation of agricultural productivity, using techniques such as cover cropping, crop rotation, and reduced tillage to improve soil structure, increase organic matter, and enhance nutrient cycling.
The promotion of biodiversity is crucial in regenerative farming. Angus, for example, tries to create diverse ecosystems by incorporating diverse crops, planting hedgerows, and providing habitat for beneficial insects and wildlife.
In short, regenerative agriculture is characterised by:
- soil health,
- carbon sequestration,
- biodiversity conservation,
- water quality and conservation, and
- economic resilience.
I visited Farmer Angus’ farm and he took me on a quick tour.
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