Frans Cronje was head of the Institute of Race Relations (IRR), an organisation that has been collecting socio-economic and political data on South Africa for nearly a century.

Our conversation is based on his book The Rise Or Fall Of South Africa.


Frans analyses the country’s potential future trajectory.

In the first decade after 1994, South Africa was on a positive path, with improvements in living standards and infrastructure.

However, the subsequent decade saw stagnation and decline in these trends. He explores whether South Africa can overcome this stagnation and resume its earlier positive trajectory.

Frans highlights factors such as the ANC’s declining popularity, growing government debt, and electricity challenges that could shape South Africa’s future.

Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.

Nelson Mandela

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